As this question on Quora suggests(https://www.quora.com/Why-dont-Indians-read-books-as-much-as-our-Western-counterparts) other people have the some question to which Ashutosh suggests the following reasons for people to read less books, Books are a relatively new concept to Indians, Reading books till date remains restricted to elite section of society, daily life in India is full of distractions and keeps people busy throughout the day. Also, he feels that newspapers are more popular as also sites like Quora. Lastly, even for those Indians who want to read, there are few non fiction/popular series books.
While I agree with Ashutosh regarding the present situation, I add 3 more points and then explain why I feel this will improve. Three more reasons for less sale of books
- Piracy-It is easy to download books and it translates to Indian preference of screen reading
- Digital Editions Pricing-In India, there is often just a 10% gap between paperback and ebook, as compared to ~50% abroad.
- Indian edition expensive and delayed-While publishers are waking up to the market potential and pricing affordable paperbacks, this often comes AFTER the foreign release. As Hollywood producers have learnt to their expense, anything short of a simultaneous release runs the risk of piracy
However, the situation is improving due to
- Kindle Unlimited-At just Rs 199/month(or Rs 150 if you take an annual subscription), you can read 2Mn ebooks. While maybe just 0.01% of them may be good, it is still 200 books for you to read, many of them foreign editions otherwise not available in print.
- Experiments with Distribution-New formats such as short/mobile first novels are coming
- Expanded distribution-Recently, I saw a shelf of fiction/non fiction at a stationary shop, which is an encouraging sign
- Indian corporate novels-This trend is increasing and now people have an option beyond the Chetan Bhagat's/Ravi Subramanian's of the world.
- Pricing-Many books now in the sweet spot of 100-300 which is a movie ticket cost. Considering both are 2-3hr experiences, this is now comparable.
- Rising disposable incomes and urbanization-This allows for more books-albeit a negative due to issue with storage of novels in rented or small houses
- Reduced Piracy-Piracy DOES happen-in fact it has reached the suburb of Mulund(as versus only hubs earlier), but for a much lower range of bestsellers-it does not affect the long tail.